“.. Then he approached and came closer and was at a distance of two bows length or (even) closer..”
The Journey of Mi'raaj
Lailatul Mi’raaj is the night in which
Rasulullah (Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam).
ascended to the heavens and beyond to meet his Rabb. It is a miracle that was not granted to anyone else before nor will it be granted to anyone in the future.
The Heavenly Journey of the Holy Prophet Muhammad (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) has been explained in these Soorahs of the Qur'aan.
In the Soorah Al‑Israa (‑ also known as Bani Israa`il), it is mentioned:
"Glorified be He who carried His servant at night from Masjid al Haram to Masjid al‑Aqsa, the precincts of which We have blessed so that We may show him of Our Signs. Verily He is the All Hearing, the All‑Seeing. "
And in Soorah Al Najm …..
“Will you then argue with him about what he saw? He certainly saw him (Jibra'il) during his other ascent to the Lote‑tree (in the seven heavens) near which is Paradise. When the tree was covered with a covering, (Muhammad's) eyes did not deceive him, nor did they lead him to falsehood. He certainly saw the greatest (signs) of the existence of his Lord. "
"Glorified be Allaah Who enabled His slave, (Muhammad),
(Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam).for a journey by night from Masjid al-Haaram (in Makkah) to Masjid al-Aqsa(in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof We blessed, in order that We might show him(Muhammad) of our Ayaat (proofs, evidences,signs etc.).
Verily, He is the All-Hearer ,the All-Seer."
A very Brief Summary of Events
(The Miraculous Night Journey from Makkah to the Farthest Mosque in Jerusalem, and the Ascent through the Spheres of Heavens)
The Shab e Mi’raaj is the blessed night when the Holy Prophet (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) was transported to heaven and he reached a high stage of nearness to Allaah[God] Almighty which is beyond ordinary human comprehension. The purpose of the Ascent was to confirm the high status of the Prophet of Islaam.
It is a unanimous belief of the Ahle Sunnah wal Jama’ah that the Holy Prophet Muhammad traveled from Makkah to Jerusalem where He led all the Prophets in prayer (The Israa`), and then ascended (The Mi’raaj) through the seven heavens to the station of Qaba Qausayn aw Adnaa, close to Allaah Almighty two bow’s length or less, in both body and soul. It was a station that was beyond the reaches of Angel Jibraaeel [Alehis Salaam].
The Beloved of Allah (sallal laahu alaihi wasallam) travelled on the night of Mi’raaj to the heavens and beyond, and when he came back in such a short space of time, that when he returned the water from his ablution was still running and his bed was still warm!
Allaah Ta’aala invited His Beloved Messenger (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) to the heavens and the Throne of Almighty Allaah to show him those symbols and signs about which all the previous Prophets had just heard …. Seeing Almighty Allaah with the physical eyes, the Throne of Allaah Ta’ala, the Divine Chair, the Divine Tablet and Pen, Paradise, Hell etc. so that the testimony of the other Prophets regarding these would be based on what is heard and that of our Beloved Rasool (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) on what is seen.
[Tafseer Noorul Irfaan, pg 882]
Of all the prophets, our Prophet, Muhammad Muhammad (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) was blessed with the most miracles. Al-Isra' and al-Mi'raj are among the many miracles of Prophet Muhammad (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam)
The Mi'raaj night ascension took place on the blessed night of 27th of Rajab al-Murajjib, the 7th month of the Islamic Calendar, one year before the migration to Madinah t-ul-Munawwaraah at the district of Abu Talib in the blessed city of Makkah, where he was resting at the house of Ummi Haani, his uncle’s Abu Taalib’s daughter.
Hazrat Jibraeel (Alaihis Salaam) came with the invitation from Allaah Ta’aala Greeted Rasulullah (Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam).
And conveyed Allaah Jalla Shanunhu’s Salaam and said He bestows upon you the Blessing which He has given to no other Prophet, to no other creature. He invites you to Himself. …
Prophet Muhammad (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) performed ablution and they went to the Kaa’bah Shareef where Shaqqe-Saadr (Opening of the chest) occurred. Angels came and cleaved open his chest, took out his heart, washed it with the water of Zam-Zam, filled it with Noor and wisdom, and placed it back to its prior form.
(The opening of the chest had occurred on three other occasions prior to this.)
Khushi kay baadal umand kay aaye diloon kay taoos raang laye
Woh naghma e naat ka samaan tha Haaram ko khud wajd aa raahe thay.
The clouds spontaneously advanced and the hearts engaged in a peacock dance;
To honour the Prophet in a creative stance the Kabaa gazed at him in a lyrical trance….
He then mounted a white heavenly animal called the Buraaq The name "Buraaq" is derived from the word "bareeq" which means "white " in Arabic. According to another view, its origin lies in the word "baarq " which means "light", the speed of which is well-known; hence the name Buraaq.
The speed of the burraq is according to his sight. His legs reach wherever his eyes can see.
Wahaan faalak par yahaan zaameen maay raachi thee shaadi maachi thee dhoomaay
Udhaar say anwaar hastay aatay idhar say anwaar ooth rahaay thay.
On the Heavens above and the earth below there was festive celebration;
The dazzling lights came down smiling and the fragrant perfumes went up on this occasion.
Allaah Ta’aala states in the Holy Qur’aan: “Holy is He Who carried His bondsman by night from the Sacred Mosque to the Aqsaa Mosque around which We have put blessings that We may show him Our grand signs. No doubt, He is the All-Hearing and the All-Seeing.”
[Surah 17, Verse 1]
It is related by Hazrat Anas (Radi Allahu-Anhu).
Rasulullah(Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) said, "On the night in which I was taken on the journey, I passed by Moosaa (Alaihis salaam) and he was performing salaah in his grave."
(Sahih Muslim Pg.268 Vol.1)
Namaaz e Aqsaa main tha yehi seer ayan houn ma’ani awwal aakhir
Key dast basta hain peechaay haazir jo salataanat aagay kar gayay thay.
The divine wisdom of ‘Aqsa’ prayer was to unfold the secret of first and last;
All the Prophets prayed behind him, though they had actually lived in the past.
During the journey the Prophet (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) travelled to different steps of skies where he also met Angels and other Prophets of Allaah Subhaanahu-wa ta'aala.
On the way the Holy Prophet, [peace be upon him], met Hazrat Aadam, Hazrat Ibraaheem, Hazrat Moosaa , Hazrat Ieesaa (Alehis Salaam) and other Prophets. All the Prophets offered the Prayers behind the Prophet (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam).
He led all the Ambiyaa [Prophets] present in two rakaats of Nafl Salaah.
[Tafseer Roohul Bayaan, vol. 5, pg 112]
After the Salaah Hazrat Jibraeel (Alaihis Salaam) took Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) towards the heavens to see paradise, hell…..and beyond….
Wohi tou ab taak chaalak rahaa hai wohi to jobaan taapak rahaa hai
Nahanay may jo giraa thaa paani katoraay taroon nay bhar liye thay.
The same luminous water still shining in their bright path,
Which the stars had gathered in their cups from his overflowing bath.
Allaah ordered His Beloved Prophet on the night of Mi’raaj to see the palaces and mansions and gardens of his believers! The Prophet is Basheer and Nazeer. Basheer is one who gives good news and a Nazeer is one who warns people. The Prophet (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) narrates that he saw the palaces of his close companions such as Abu Bakr Umaar, Usmaan and Ali (Radi Allaah Anhum) ….. the various splendors’ have all been shown to our beloved Rasullullah (sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) as an encouragement for the righteous. He was also shown punishments meted out to the inmates of Jahannam(hell) as a warning.
Then he was carried to Sidraat-ul-Muntaahaa (the remotest lote tree) and was shown Al-Bait-al-Maa'mûr (the much frequented house) which is like the Kaa'bah (Sacred House) encompassed daily by seventy thousand angels, so that the angels who once encompassed it would not have their turn again till the Resurrection].
Yehi sam’aa tha kaay paikaay rahmat khaabar yeh layaa kay chaliyay Haazrat
Tumhaari khaatir kushaada hayn woh jo Kaleem par band rastaay thay.
In this atmosphere the Messenger of Mercy came respectfully to say;
“Those ways are open for you today, which were closed for Haazrat Moosaa
[Aliehis Salaam ]one day.”
Ba’raay Muhammad (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) qareen ho Ahmed qareeb aa sarwaar e maamajad
Nisaar jaoon yeh kiyaa needaa thi yeh kiyaa samaa tha yeh kiyaa maazaay thay.
“Move forward, O Muhammed! [Peace Be Upon Him ] Come nearer, O Ahmed, My beloved.”
What a lovely call it was and what a joyful atmosphere it created!
The word "Sidrah " in Arabic means "a lote tree ", while "Al-Muntahaa " denotes "furthest" or "a place of ending".
Rasulullah (Sallal Laahu ‘Alaiehi Wa Sallam) then mounted Raf-Raf, a heavenly carpet, ……
When they reached Sidraatul Muntaahaa Hazrat Jibraeel (Alaihis Salaam) remained behind and said,
“If I go further as much as a hair’s breadth I will burn and perish.” I cannot go any further, but you O Messenger of peace and friend of the Master of the worlds, continue your Glorious Ascent.' He then travelled from Sidraatul Muntaahaa to Qaabaa-Qaausain (Place of Proximity to Allaah Ta’aala). He reached a realm where there is no place, time, direction and attribute, and saw Allaah Ta’aala in an unknown, incomprehensible and unexampled manner.Subhaan Allaah!
Allaah Ta’ala says, in the Qu’raan
“Then the Splendid Vision drew nearer, and then he came closer. So there was a distance of two hands, but rather less than that. And He revealed to His servant whatever He revealed.”
[Surah 53, Verses 8-10]
In these verses Allaah Ta’aala tells us about the proximity that was experienced by Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) during the Beauteous Vision of Almighty Allaah.
This is further stated in the Hadees and is narrated by Hazrat Anas bin Malik
“Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) approached Sidratul Muntaahaa and came so close to the Glorious Rabb that there was a distance of two bows or even less between them.
[Bukhari Shareef,vol. 2, pg 1120]
Khiraad say keh do kay sar jhukaa laayn gumaan say guzraay guzarnaay waalay
Paray hayn yaahan khud jaihaat ko laalay kisaay bataayen kidhaar gayay thay.
Let intellect bow its head, because it has traveled beyond imagination;
Direction itself is baffled and it cannot dare to imagine his destination.
Allaah Ta’ala further says in the Qur’an,
“The heart lied not in what he saw.” [Surah 53, Verse 11]
This means that the blessed eye of Rasoolullah (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) totally absorbed the Beauteous Vision of Almighty Allaah and his heart verified that this observation was indeed accurate without any error.
Allaah Ta’ala then says, “And indeed he saw that Splendid Sight twice.”
[Surah 53, Verse 13]
Here ‘two times’ denotes seeing again and again. On the request of Hazrat Moosa (Alaihis Salaam) Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) went again and again before Almighty Allaah to have the fifty Salaah reduced, and each time he saw the Beauteous Vision of Almighty Allaah.
[Tafseer NoorulIrfaan, pg 670]
Subhaanallah! Besides Allaah Ta’aala, who will know the true status of our Beloved Rasool (SallallahuAlaihi Wasallam), who saw his Rabb with his physical eyes? It is for this reason that A’laa Hazrat Imaam Ahle Sunnat Imaam Ahmad Razaa Khan (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh) says in a Naath Shareef:
Aur Koyi Ghayb Kya Thum se Niha ho Bhala
Jab Allaah Hi Nahi Chupa Thum pe Karoro Durood
What can be hidden from you O Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)?
When Allaah the Most Hidden was not hidden from you, millions of Durood be upon you.
He was then presented to the Divine Presence and experienced the thrill of witnessing the Divine Glory and Manifestation at the closest possible propinquity.
Hijaab uthnay maay laakhoon pardaay har aik pardaay maay laakhon jalwaay
Ajab ghaari thi kay waaslo furqaat jaanaam kay bichraay galaay milaay thay.
Millions of veils disappeared revealing endless oceans of luminosity;
It was strange Union of Lights which symbolized diversity in Unity.
There the Lord revealed unto His servant that which He revealed, and ordained fifty daily prayers for him on that great night. It is because of the great importance of Prayer that Allaah Almighty ordained it in heaven all other ordinances were decreed on the earth. It symbolizes ascension to heaven; it is the Muslim's spiritual ascension to heaven. Thus, Prayer is the gift that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) brought with him from that journey to all Muslims so that they can worship Allaah Almighty through it.
Originally 50 in number. However due to the mercy and Waseelaa (connection) of the Holy Prophet it was reduced in number but maintains its rewards in the original.!
At the same time, it was also announced that the major sins of those in the ummah of Rasullullah (sallallahu alaiyhi wassallam) who do not ascribe partners with Allaah will be forgiven.
(Sahih Muslim p. 97 Vol. 1).
The Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) Returns to Makkah
After the Mi’raaj when Rasoolullah (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) went back to Ummi Haani’s house, the mat on which he had been sleeping was still warm and the water of his Wudhu was still flowing.
The next morning when he went to the Ka’baah and related his Mi’raaj.The blasphemers belied the Prophet(Peace and blessings be upon him) and mocked him, saying, "We need a month to get there and back, and you are claiming to have done all this in one night?"
The 'Night Journey' raised a good deal of stir among the people and the skeptical audience plied Muhammad(Peace and blessings be upon him) with all sorts of questions.
He told them that he saw the camels of Makkan merchants to and fro. He also guided them to some of their animals that went astray. He informed them that he had drunk some of their water while they were fast asleep and left the container covered.
The disbelievers, after ridiculing our Beloved Aaqa (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam), went to Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (Radiallahu Ta’aala Anh) and asked him the duration of travelling from Makkah to Jerusalem. When he said that it would take more than a month, in a laughing manner they said that Rasoolullah (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) claims that he went to Jerusalem and came back within one night. As soon as Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddiq (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anh) heard the name of his master, he immediately said, “If Rasoolullah (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) says so then I believe him. He for sure went and came back in one night.”
He then dressed up immediately and went to Rasoolullah (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) and said, “Ya Rasoolullah (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) I congratulate you on your blessed Mi’raaj.
Infinite thanks to a Ta’aala because He has honoured us
with being the servants of such an exalted Prophet as you are. He has blessed us with seeing your shining face and with hearing your sweet words that please hearts and attract souls. O Rasoolullah (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) every word you say is true. I believe in you. I am ready to sacrifice my life for you.”
These words bewildered the kuffaar (disbelievers) and being at a loss for words, they dispersed. These words also strengthened the hearts of a few people with weak Ieemaan who had doubted the Miraaj.
It was on this day that Rasoolullah (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) called Hazrat Abu Bakr (RadiallahuTa’ala Anh) as ‘Siddiq’ and gave him this title which was a testament of his truthfulness. Subhaanallah! This is true Ieemaan!
Kamaan e imakaan kay jhutaay nukton tum awwaal aakhir ki phair mein ho
Muhit ki chaal say to pucho kidhaar say aaye kidhaar gaye thay.
O dots on the arch of probability! Why do you guess the first and last?
Ask the track of the circumference, where did the process begin in the past?
The blasphemous people questioned the Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him): "If you are truthful, then describe to us Masjid Al-Aqsa and its surroundings." They asked this because they knew Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) had never been there before the previous night.
Allaah enabled the Messenger to see Masjid al-Aqsa, and he described the masjid and its surroundings in exact detail. Moreover, the Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) said,
to the astonishment of many, the Prophet(Peace and blessings be upon him)'s replies furnished the most accurate information about that city. He supplied them with all the news about their caravans and the routes of their camels. However, all this increased in them nothing but flight from the Truth, and they accepted nothing but disbelief.
In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
"By the declining star. Your companion is not in error nor has he gone astray. He does not speak out of his own desire. It is a revelations which has been revealed to him and taught to him by the Great Mighty One, the Strong One who appeared on the uppermost horizon. He then came nearer and nearer, until he was as close to Him as the distance of two bows, or even less. He revealed to Allah's servant whatever He wanted. His (Muhammad's) heart did not lie to him about what his eyes had seen. Will you then argue with him about what he saw? He certainly saw Him during his other ascent to the Lote‑tree near which is Paradise. When the tree was covered with a covering, (Muhammad's) eyes did not deceive him, nor did they lead him to falsehood. He certainly saw the greatest (signs) of the existence of his Lord. "
Nabi e Raahmat Shafee e Ummaat RAZAA pay Lill-laah ho inayaat
Isaay bhi unn khaal’atoon say hisaa jo khaas rahmat kay waan bate thay.
Take pity on Razaa, O our Intercessor and Allaah’s Messenger of Mercy!
Grant him a small share from the gifts distributed during the Mi’raaj journey.
For the true devout Muslims, there is no difficulty in believing the miraculous Night Journey. The All-Mighty Allaâh, Who is Powerful enough to have created the heavens and the earth by an act of His Will, is surely Powerful enough to take His Messenger(Peace and blessings be upon him) beyond the heavens and show him those signs of His at firsthand which are inaccessible to man otherwise.
In order that: "He be of those who have Faith with certainty."
“The 27th of Rajab, both its night and day holds great Blessings for the Believers.”
Abu Muhammad Hazrat Muhayud deen Abdul Qaadir Jeelaani
Ghaus ul-A'zam Mahboob e Subhaani…
(May Allaah Kareem be pleased with him).
It is narrated on the authority of Haazrat Abu Hurairaa that the Holy Prophet (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam) said:
"If someone keeps the fast on the twenty-seventh day of Rajab, he will be credited with the
same reward as that which is earned by fasting for sixty months."
"Rajab contains a very special day and a very special night. If someone fasts during that day,
and keeps vigil throughout that night, he will be entitled to a reward like the one that would be earned by a person who fasted for a hundred years, and who kept vigil throughout all the
nights in that period."
Holy Prophet Muhammad
(Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam)
Seeking Forgiveness (Istighfaar)
The Most Beloved Prophet (Sallal-Laahu 'Alaiehi Wa Sallam)
Used to say: Rajab is a month of seeking forgiveness, so seek forgiveness from Allaah [subhanahu wa Ta'aala]; He is verily the Forgiver, the Merciful.
We pray that Allaah, Most Glorified and Exalted is He, by the Waaseela Mubaaraak (blessed
connection) of His Beloved Prophet (Prayers and Peace be upon Him) increases our
understanding of the significance of this great month and accepts our worship therein. May He forgive our faults and make us true servants of His Noble Friends
(Auliyaa Kiraam, may Allaah be pleased with them all).
Aameen Summa Aameen